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Ibn ‘Arabi (d. 1240) on the Universality of Islam and Finality of the Prophetic Message

“The religious laws (sharā’i’) are all lights, and the law of Muḥammad (may the peace and blessings of God be upon him) among these lights is as the sun’s light among the light of the stars: if the sun comes out, the lights of the stars are no longer seen and their lights are absorbed into the light of the sun: the disappearance of their lights resembles what, of the religious laws, has been abrogated (nusikha) by his law (may the peace and blessings of God be upon him) despite their existence, just as the lights of the stars still exist. This is why we are required by our universal law to believe in all prophetic messengers (rusul) and to believe that all their laws are truth, and did not turn into falsehood by being abrogated: that is the imagination of the ignorant. So all paths return to look to the Prophet’s path (may the peace and blessings of God be upon him): if the prophetic messengers had been alive in his time, they would have followed him just as their religious laws have followed his law.

Verily, he was given Comprehensiveness of Word (Jawāmi’ al-Kalim), and given [the Qur’ānic verse] ‘God shall give you an invincible victory’ (Koran 48:3), ‘the invincible’ [al-‘azīz, also meaning rare, dear, precious, unattainable] being he who is sought but cannot be reached. When the prophetic messengers sought to reach him, he proved impossible for them to attain to–because of his [being favored above them by] being sent to the entire world, and God giving him Comprehensiveness of Word, and the supreme rank of possessing the Praiseworthy Station (al-Maqām al-Maḥmūd) in the next world, and God having made his Nation (umma) ‘the best Nation ever brought forth for people’ (Koran 3:110). The Nation of every messenger is commensurate with the station of their prophet, so realize this”

(al-Futuḥāt al-Makkīyya [Cairo, 1911], Volume III, 153.1220)

Image

Tomb of Muḥyiddīn Muḥammad ibn ‘Alī ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Arabī (d. 1240)


1 Comment

  1. Reblogged this on mechacontext and commented:
    The famous (or infamous) quote, used both to approve and deny “Universal Salvation” in the Islamic tradition, in its original context.

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