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Gold Dinar of Alfonso VIII of Castile (r. 1158-1215)

Below are images of gold dinar minted by the Alfonso VIII of Castile (r. 1158-1214)–known primarily as the victor at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212)–in Toledo around 1185. Despite being a Christian king, the style of the coin follows that of other Andalusi coins and most of the inscriptions are Arabic. On one side it reads: amir / al-qatuliqin / alfuns / ibn shanja / ayyidahu allah wa nasarahu (“Prince of the Catholics, Alfonso son of Sancho, May God protect and assist him!”).

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On the other side, there is an image of a cross and the inscription imam al-bay’a / al-masihiyya al-baba / ALF (“the spiritual leader of the Christians, the Pope/AlF(onso)”), with the following in the margins: bism al-ab wa’l-ibn wa’l-ruh al-quds al-ilah al-wahid man amana wa ta’ammada yakunu salim (“in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, one God, who so believeth in Him and is baptized will be saved”).

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