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Home » History » Martyrdom of al-Husayn ibn Ali (d.680) in Arabic Historical Chronicles (700-1500 A.D.)

Martyrdom of al-Husayn ibn Ali (d.680) in Arabic Historical Chronicles (700-1500 A.D.)

Some useful Arabic chronicles to consult for details about the massacre at Karbala (680 A.D.):

Abu Mikhnaf, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn (preserved in al-Ṭabarī)

–Written ca. 740; proto-Shi’ite perspective

Abū Ja‘far Muḥammad ibn Jarīr al-Tabari, Tārīkh al-Rusul wal Mulūk

–Written ca. 900; various perspectives

Aḥmad ibn Yaḥya al-Balādhurī, Ansāb al-Ashrāf

–Written ca. 880-890; Sunni perspective

Aḥmad Ya‘qūbī, Tārikh al-Ya‘qūbī

–Written ca. 880-890; Shi’ite perspective (although some scholars have questioned his sectarian affiliation)

Abū al-Ḥasan Alī ibn al-Ḥusayn al-Mas‘ūdī, Murūj al-Dhahab

–Written ca. 950; Shi’ite perspective

Abū al-Faraj ibn al-Jawzī, al-Muntaẓam fi Tārīkh al-Mulūk wal Umam

–Written ca. 1200; Sunni perspective

Abū Faraj al-Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-Ṭālibiyyīn

–Written ca. 950; unknown sectarian affiliation

Abū Nu’aym al-Iṣfahānī, Ḥilyat al-Awliyā’

–Written ca. 1030; Sunni perspective

Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād

–Written ca. 1000; Shi’ite perspective

Bar Hebraeus, Tārīkh Mukhtasar al-Duwwal

–Written ca. 1280; Syriac Christian perspective

Lisān al-Dīn ibn al-Khatīb al-Salmānī, A’māl al-A’lām

–Written ca. 1370; Sunni perspective

Ismā‘īl ibn Kathīr, al-Bidāyah wal Nihāyah

–Written ca. 1370; Sunni perspective

Shams al-Dīn al-Dhahabi, Siyar A’lām al-Nubalā’

–Written ca. 1340; Sunni perspective

Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyuti, Tārīkh al-Khulafā’

–Written ca. 1500; Sunni perspective

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