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Children of the First Ten Imams of Ahl al-Bayt according to Shaykh al-Mufid (d. 1022)

The following is a list of the descendants of ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib, al-Ḥasan b. ‘Alī, al-Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī, ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn, Muhammad b. ‘Alī, Ja‘far b. Muhammad, Mūsa b. Ja‘far, ‘Alī b. Mūsa, Muhammad b. ‘Alī, and ‘Alī b. Muhammad taken from the Kitāb al-Irshād by Shaykh al-Mufīd. These figures are the first ten Imāms in the Twelver Shī‘ī tradition, but they are also revered by other Islamic traditions (Sunni as well as Shī‘ī as well). 

Translation

‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib

The Commander of the Faithful ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib had 27 children, male and female. [They are as follows]

1-Al-Ḥasan

2-Al-Husayn

3-Zaynab al-Kubra

4-Zaynab al-Sughra, also known as Umm Kulthūm

Their mother was Fāṭima, the blessed, the master of the women of the universe, and the daughter of the master of the messengers and seal of the prophets, Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of God be upon him and his family)

5-Muhammad, who was also known as Abū al-Qāsim

His mother was Khawla b. Ja‘far b. Qays al-Ḥanafīyya

6-‘Umar

7-Ruqayya

They were twins and their mother was Umm Ḥabīb b. Rabī‘a

8-Al-‘Abbās

9-Ja‘far

10-‘Uthmān

11-‘Abd Allāh

These all died as martyrs with their brother al-Ḥusayn at Karbala. Their mother was Umm al-Banīn b. Ḥizām b. Khālid b. Dārim

12-Muhammad al-Asghar, who was also known as Abū Bakr (son)

13-‘Ubayd Allāh (son)

Both of these also died as martyrs with their brother al-Ḥusayn at Karbala. Their mother was Layla b. Mas‘ūd al-Dārimī

14-Yahya(son)

His mother was Asmā’ b. ‘Umays al-Khath‘amī (may God be pleased with her)

15-Umm al-Ḥasan (son)

16-Ramla (daughter)

Their mother was Umm Sa‘īd b. ‘Urwa b. Mas‘ūd al-Thaqafī

17-Nafīsa (daughter)

18-Zaynab al-Sughra (daughter)

19-Ruqayya al-Sughra (daughter)

20-Umm Hāni’ (daughter)

21-Umm al-Kirām (daughter)

22-Jumāna, also known as Umm Ja‘far (daughter)

23-Umāma (daughter)

24-Umm Salama

25-Maymūna

26-Khadīja

27-Faṭīma

These all had different mothers.

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 1, pp. 345–355]

Al-Ḥasan b. ‘Alī

Al-Ḥasan b. ‘Alī had fifteen children, both male and female. [They are as follows]:

1-Zayd b. al-Ḥasan

2-Umm al-Ḥasan

3-Umm al-Ḥusayn

Their mother was Umm Bashīr b. Abī Mas‘ūd ‘Uqba b. ‘Amr b. Tha laba al-Khazrajīyya.

4-Al-Ḥasan b. al-Ḥasan

His mother was Khawla b. Mandhūr al-Fazārī

5-‘Umar b. al-Ḥasan

6-Al-Qāsim

7-‘Abd Allāh

Their mother was a slave-girl

8-‘Abd al-Rahmān b. al-Ḥasan

His mother was a slave-girl

9-Al-Ḥusayn b. al-Ḥasan, also known as al-Athram

10-Talha b. al-Ḥasan

11-Fāṭima b. al-Ḥasan

Their mother was Umm Ishāq b. Talha b. ‘Ubayd Allāh al-Taymī

12-Umm ‘Abd Allāh

13-Fāṭima

14-Umm Salama

15-Ruqayya

These were the daughters of al-Ḥasan by various slave-girls

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 2, p. 20]

Al-Ḥusayn had six children. [They are as follows]:

1-‘Alī al-Akbar b. al-Ḥusayn, known as Abū Muhammad

His mother was Shāhzanān, the daughter of the Persian emperor Yazdigird III

2-‘Alī al-Asghar b. al-Ḥusayn

He was killed with his father on the bank of the Euphrates [at Karbala]. His mother was Layla b. Abī Murra b. ‘Urwa b. Mas‘ūd al-Thaqafīyya

3-Ja‘far b. al-Ḥusayn

He had no surviving descendants and died during the lifetime of his father. His mother was a woman from the tribe of Quḍā‘a.

4-‘Abd Allāh b. al-Ḥusayn. He was killed while still an infant with his father [at Karbala]. An arrow fired [by the Umayyad forces at Karbala] killed him while he was in his father’s arms.

5-Sukayna b. al-Ḥusayn

Their mother was Rabāb b. Imru’ al-Qays b. ‘Adī al-Kalbīyya.

6-Fāṭima b. al-Ḥusayn

Her mother was Umm Ishāq b. Talha b. ‘Ubayd Allāh al-Taymīyya

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 2, p. 135]

‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn

Fifteen children were born to ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn:

1-Muhammad, known as Abū Ja‘far al-Bāqir

His mother was Umm ‘Abd Allāh b. al-Ḥasan b. ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib

2-‘Abd Allāh

3-Al-Ḥasan

4-Al-Ḥusayn

Their mother was a slave-girl

5-Zayd

6-‘Umar

Their mother was a slave-girl

7-Al-Ḥusayn al-Asghar

8-‘Abd al-Rahmān

9-Sulaymān

Their mother was a slave-girl

10-‘Alī. He was the youngest of the children of ‘Alī b. al-Ḥusayn

11-Khadīja

Their mother was a slave-girl

12-Muhammad al-Asghar

His mother was a slave-girl

13-Fāṭima

14-‘Alīyya

15-Umm Kulthūm

Their mother was a slave-girl

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 2, p. 155]

Muhammad b. ‘Alī

Abū Ja‘far had seven children:

1-Abū ‘Abd Allāh Ja‘far b. Muhammad

2-‘Abd Allāh b. Muhammad

Their mother was Umm Farwa b. al-Qāsim b. Muhammad b. Abī Bakr

3-Ibrāhīm

4-‘Ubayd Allāh

Both died young. Their mother was Umm Ḥakīm b. Asīd b. al-Mughīra al-Thaqafīyya

5-‘Alī

6-Zaynab

Their mother was a slave-girl

7-Umm Salama

Her mother was a slave-girl

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 2, p. 176]

Ja‘far b. Muhammad

Abū ‘Abd Allāh had ten children:

1-Ismā īl

2-‘Abd Allāh

3-Umm Farwa

Their mother was Fāṭima b. al-Ḥusayn b. ‘Alī b. al-Ḥasan

4-Mūsa

5-Ishāq

6-Muhammad

Their mother was a slave-girl

7-Al-‘Abbās

8-‘Alī

9-Asmā’

10-Fāṭima

They had different mothers

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 2, p. 209]

Mūsa b. Ja‘far

Abū al-Ḥasan Mūsa had thirty-seven children, male and female:

1-‘Alī b. Mūsa al-Riḍa

2-Ibrāhīm

3-Al-‘Abbās

4-Al-Qāsim

Their mothers were slave-girls

5-Ismā‘īl

6-Ja‘far

7-Hārūn

8-Al-Ḥasan

Their mother was a slave-girl

9-Ahmad

10-Muhammad

11-Ḥamza

Their mother was a slave-girl

12-‘Abd Allāh

13-Ishāq

14-‘Ubayd Allāh

15-Zayd

16-Al-Ḥasan

17-Al-Faḍl

18-Al-Ḥusayn

19-Sulaymān

Their mothers were slave-girls

20-Fāṭima al-Kubra

21-Fāṭima al-Sughra

22-Ruqayya

23-Ḥakīma

24-Umm Abīhā

25-Ruqayya al-Sughra

26-Umm Ja‘far

27-Lubāba

28-Zaynab

29-Khadīa

30-‘Aliyya

31-Āmina

32-Ḥasana

33-Burayha

34-‘Ā’isha

35-Umm Salama

36-Maymūna

37-Umm Kulthūm

Their mothers were slave-girls

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 2, p. 244]

‘Alī b. Mūsa

‘Alī b. Mūsa died without leaving behind any children, except his son, the Imām who succeeded him, Abū Ja‘far Muhammad b. ‘Alī. At the time of his death, his son was seven years old and a few months

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 2, p. 271]

Muhammad b. ‘Alī

The children he left behind were:

1-‘Alī, his son and the Imām to succeed him

2-Mūsa

3-Fāṭima

4-Imāma.

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 2, p. 295]

‘Alī b. Muhammad

Among the children who survived him were:

1-Abū Muhammad al-Ḥasan, his son and the Imām to succeed him

2-Al-Ḥusayn

3-Ja‘far

4-‘Ā’isha

[Shaykh al-Mufīd, Kitāb al-Irshād (Beirut, 2008), Volume 2, pp. 311–312]

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